Multiple Sclerosis, often called MS, is a disease in which the body’s immune system attacks the central nervous system. Although people refer to MS as an autoimmune disease, experts consider it an “immune-mediated” disease. According to the National MS Society, “The exact antigen – or target that the immune cells are sensitized to attack – remains unknown, which is why MS is considered by many experts to be ‘immune-mediated’ rather than ‘autoimmune.’”
MS has both genetic and environmental cause factors and typically progresses in one of four, “disease courses,” all of which can range from mild to moderate or severe:
- Relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS): This most common disease course of MS involves a cycle of flare-ups and remissions.
- Secondary-progressive MS (SPMS): Typically, a person with RRMS will be re-diagnosed with SPMS as the disease progresses. This disease course is marked by further disease progression and may or may not include remission periods.
- Primary-progressive MS (PPMS): Approximately 10% of people with MS receive a PPMS diagnosis, which is identified by consistent disease progression and the absence of remissions.
- Progressive-relapsing MS (PRMS): PRMS is characterized by steady disease progression from diagnosis with flare-ups and no remissions.
Each disease course of Multiple Sclerosis has its unique set of challenges and requires different treatment. Currently, the National MS Society reports that, “…twelve (.pdf article) U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved disease-modifying agents (.pdf brochure) reduce disease activity and disease progression for many people with relapsing forms of MS, including relapsing-remitting MS, as well as secondary-progressive and progressive-relapsing MS in those people who continue to have relapses.”
As Director of Sales, Marketing, and Business Development for Lauren’s Hope, Tara Cohen is often the voice of Lauren’s Hope. Whether she’s writing the Lauren’s Hope blog, crafting a marketing email, or describing a new product, Cohen brings a little personal touch to everything she creates.
Part of the LH team since 2012, Cohen has spent years learning about various medical conditions and what engravings are most helpful for each.
In addition to her years of experience at Lauren’s Hope and all of the research she puts into writing for LH, Cohen draws on her own life experiences to bring a human touch to the LH blog.